Because Conservatives generally oppose Welfare, they are considered to be "Anti-poor"
Verdict: This narrative is false; Conservatives just have a different opinion as to what helps the poor the most. So say that conservatives don't care about the poor is divisive, destructive, and definitely untrue.
The Welfare system does seem to hold poor people "hostage", because they lose their benefits when they get a job. Many conservatives support "opportunity zones" and think, with some validity, that local governments can do better than the fed.
Employment is the best way to get someone out of poverty, which is why Conservatives have proposed programs like "workfare not welfare" and business-focused solutions.
Negative stereotypes about conservatives hating the poor are so common that it goes without saying in some circles that its just true. Just look at this Salon article, Why Are Republicans So Cruel to the Poor
Or this New York Times column, The G.O.P.’s War on Poor People
The arguments about conservatives and the poor seem largely to do with the differences in what should be done about poverty. Conservatives, in general, favor a less generous welfare state. However, it only follows that this shows contempt for the poor if you think that a generous welfare state is the best way to get out of poverty.
Conservatives, for the most part, don't think that way.
The conservative argument against the welfare state is as follows: the War on Poverty, Lyndon Johnson’s expansion of the welfare state, is a multi-decade failure. It hasn’t made people richer. Instead, it’s just made people dependent on money from the government, a dependency which perpetuates poverty.
There’s evidence on both sides. According to this report from Columbia University , welfare programs have had positive effects on American poverty, especially child poverty. However, research by economist Raj Chetty shows that intergenerational mobility has remained the same for decades . So, while it’s reasonable to suppose that acute poverty has been reduced, there’s been no change in the proportion of people pulled out of poverty in the long-term.
Moreover, welfare programs can impose costs on individuals who want to move off government benefits, because their benefits fall away as their income increases. The Cato Institute documents the fact that the effective marginal tax rate for low-income workers in Pennsylvania spikes to nearly 100% just below a $20,000 salary thanks to this effect .
Instead, conservatives are more likely to focus on market-oriented initiatives. These efforts include deregulating land use to make real estate more affordable, reducing interstate barriers to occupational licensing, and the creation of “Opportunity Zones,” locations in low-income communities where investment is incentivized through tax breaks.
In general, liberals don't notice conservative efforts to help the poor because such efforts don’t involve the expansion of welfare.
Whether these efforts are more effective than state welfare is another matter. (Opportunity Zones have been controversial thus far.) However, it’s simply inaccurate to make the blanket statements that conservatives don’t care about the poor, or are uninterested in helping them.
What do you think?