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The Rise and Fall of Jury Nullification Review I
by Joe Kelley

The Rise and Fall of Jury Nullification
by James Ostrowski

“The United States Constitution guarantees the right to trial by jury in both civil and criminal cases.”

That is patently false, so that is a bad start with this essay. For those who want to know why that is patently false a good start would be Lysander Spooners Essay on The Trial by Jury. The history of trial by jury goes much further back in time, way past the 1787 document that Nationalized the former Federation of Republics in America.


"It was a principle of the Common Law, as it is of the law of nature, and of common sense, that no man can be taxed without his personal consent. The Common Law knew nothing of that system, which now prevails in England, of assuming a man’s own consent to be taxed, because some pretended representative, whom he never authorized to act for him, has taken it upon himself to consent that he may be taxed. That is one of the many frauds on the Common Law, and the English constitution, which have been introduced since Magna Carta. Having finally established itself in England, it has been stupidly and servilely copied and submitted to in the United States.”
Essay on The Trial by Jury
by Lysander Spooner, 1952

Precedent (stare decisis):

“A jury of twelve local farmers, all men and all white according to Levinson, rule in favor of Freeman in 1781, giving her freedom and awarding her 30 shillings in damages.”

The 1787 Constitution that claimed to “give” license to kidnap and consume millions of innocent people for 20 torturous years, according to the document written by those "giving" this "privilege" to themselves, which is that same document claimed to guarantee the “right to trial by jury in both civil and criminal cases” actually, factually, on the document itself, took away that natural right born into people at birth, a self-evident right self-evidently not right enough according to the 1787 Slave Trade Deal that Nationalized the former Federation of Republics.

Those who Nationalized the former Federation of Republics knew they were perpetrating fraud, in order to get the Slave Trade Deal made between Northern Warmongers and Central Banking Frauds, like George Washington, Alexander Hamilton, and Robert Morris, and the slave consumers, slave traders, slave shippers, slave kidnappers, slave rapers, slave torturers, Tobacco Monopolists with their slave labor force in the South.

Read in Thomas Jefferson's own words, in his Rough Draft of the Declaration of Independence, the accurate account of the facts that mattered at the time, but before doing so, read the Federal demands demanded to the Republics, dealing with the Slave Trade during the Federal period (1774 through 1789), before the Federation of Republics were Nationalized by Central Banking Interests and Slave Trade Interests:

On the 20th day of October 1774
“This agreement contained a clause to discontinue the slave trade, and a provision not to import East India tea from any part of the world. In the article respecting non-exportations, the sending of rice to Europe was excepted."

On the 1st of April, 1775
"On this occasion, the importation of slaves was expressly prohibited."

Next is an unpublished (redacted) portion of the original Declaration of Independence originally written by Thomas Jefferson:

"he has waged cruel war against human nature itself, violating it's most sacred rights of life & liberty in the persons of a distant people who never offended him, captivating & carrying them into slavery in another hemisphere, or to incur miserable death in their transportation thither. this piratical warfare, the opprobrium of infidel powers, is the warfare of the CHRISTIAN king of Great Britain. determined to keep open a market where MEN should be bought & sold, he has prostituted his negative for suppressing every legislative attempt to prohibit or to restrain this execrable commerce: and that this assemblage of horrors might want no fact of distinguished die, he is now exciting those very people to rise in arms among us, and to purchase that liberty of which he has deprived them, & murdering the people upon whom he also obtruded them; thus paying off former crimes committed against the liberties of one people, with crimes which he urges them to commit against the lives of another."

Here is any eye witness account fingering those behind the redacted, censored, declaration of independence, no longer declaring independence from Slave Traders for millions of future victims:

In the Writings of Thomas Jefferson, Vol. I. p. 10
"The clause, too, reprobating the enslaving the inhabitants of Africa, was struck out in complaisance to South Carolina and Georgia, who had never attempted to restrain the importation of slaves, and who, on the contrary, still wished to continue it. Our northern brethren also, I believe felt a little tender under those censures; for, though their people had very few slaves themselves, yet they had been pretty considerable carriers of them to others."

Those in power over Totalitarian Counterfeit Governments are offensive, criminal, and they steal defensive powers so as to then use defensive powers to commit very serious Crimes Against Humanity.

Claiming otherwise is often done for reasons that are not confessed, and claiming otherwise is often excused with apologetic language that constitutes further deception self-evidently self-deception if not outright Treasonous Fraud.

"There is no question of the general doctrine that fraud vitiates the most solemn contracts, documents, and even judgments" United States v. Throckmorton, 98 US 61, 1878.

There are no slaves other than those who “believe” Treasonous Frauds with their self-evident lies, who excuse themselves, apologize for themselves, while they go from their last victim to their next victim with impunity they give to themselves. Kidnapping is a crime, has been, always will be, by any set of rules claiming to be worthy of the name law, dating back to Mathew 7:12, and The Golden Rule, and much further in time, going back before people wrote things down.

“The United States Constitution guarantees the right to trial by jury in both civil and criminal cases.”

No, that is patently false.

Caveat Emptor

Josf-Kelley 8 Feb 28
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