In their 2013 book, The Rationalizing Voter, social scientists Milton Lodge and Charles Taber propose a hypothesis about how people usually make political judgments. The mental process is mostly unconscious. Facts and logic are far less influential than psychological factors that include personal intuitions, emotions, morals, self-identity and innate and learned biases. It is not the case that this kind of thinking and the resulting judgments are always objectively wrong. They are often correct.
But when it is wrong, it is usually hard or impossible to offer facts and sound reason, roughly logic, to convince someone to change their minds. This problem is central to politics. For example, it mostly explains why the political left and right in America are so hopelessly divided. The two side see different facts and they apply different conscious reason to the facts they think they see. Presumably, one side is generally more wrong than the other, but it is impossible to convince either side they are more wrong.
The left vs right gulf in perceptions of reality and conscious reason are simply unbridgeable. That can lead to social distrust, intolerance, bigotry and conflict. I argue that this aspect of human cognitive and social biology and behavior, which helped the species survive thousands of years ago, now constitutes an existential threat to civilization and possibly the human species itself.
Lodge and Taber write:
“We are witnessing a revolution in thinking about thinking. Three decades of research in the cognitive sciences, backed by hundreds of well-crafted behavioral studies in social psychology and new evidence from the neurosciences, posit affect-driven dual process models of thinking and reasoning that directly challenge the way we political scientists interpret and measure the content, structure, and relationships among political beliefs and attitudes. Central to such models is the distinction between conscious and unconscious thinking, with hundreds of experiments documenting pervasive effects of unconscious thoughts and feelings on judgment, preferences, attitude change, and decision-making.”
“The central question in the study of political psychology and public opinion is whether citizens can form and update sensible beliefs and attitudes about politics. Though previous research was skeptical about the capacities of the mass public, many studies in the 1980s and early 1990s emphasized the potential merits of simple heuristics in helping citizens to make reasonable choices. In subsequent years, however, motivated reasoning has been impossible to avoid for anyone who follows either contemporary politics or the latest developments in psychology and political science. . . . . It is increasingly difficult for observers to defend micro-level attitude formation and information processing as rational or even consistently reasonable. Evidence continues to mount that people are often biased toward their prior beliefs and prone to reject counter-attitudinal information in the domains of both opinions and politically controversial facts.”
If that is true, it does not bode well for the long-term well-being or survival of civilization and maybe even the human species.
When it comes to politics leave emotion out of it.
Morals are a must
Intuition should be for better meant of country based your morals
Self identity if you don't identify as a American first then you should Question your right to vote yourself
Learned can be unlearned as well
The division in America not just between the left and right. Is caused by news, Hollywood, political leader, talk shows, and more by pushing issues that devide. Racism being a bigger problem then it is with the people.
Playing on emotions of the people over issues
Talking one subject repeatedly till me are over reacting with family and others about it. And more.
I see many flaws in this "study" and limited reseach on your part
I can't seem to fully agree with this and the rest of that paragraph. An individual can agree with a right wing point on a subject and the left wing on an other.
Left and right are 2 different ideology.
I don't see why it matters if those 2 mix or not.
We as, conscious people who created those terms, get to pick one side or the other and stand between them.
There was this person that recently posted something that touched history and the importance of remembering it. The autor of that article said that with internet we get to keep records of this and losing track of what really happened should not be possible but we are somehow doing it because of the overload of information.
I believe its relevant because when you are fed so many information all you are left with (it would seem) is your own unconscious bias. Looking for raw information is not simple enough, we trusted the news but it isnt possible anymore.
Edit: found the article [quillette.com]?